Tension Headache

WHAT IS TENSION HEADACHE?

Tension headache is the most common type of benign headache. It can be diffuse, mild to moderate pain that is felt like a tight band around the head.Tension headache can even result in disability, absenteeism, and impact quality of life. They are characterised by the duration an individual experience them per month. If tension headaches occur between 1-14 days out of a month then it is considered episodic. If these headaches are around for 15 or more days out of a month for 3 consecutive months, then they are considered to be chronic. The causes behind these headaches are still unknown. However, it is proposed that the levels of neurotransmitters may be a contributing factor.

WHAT ARE COMMON TENSION HEADACHE SYMPTOM?

  • Dull and aching persistent pain that may vary from mild to moderate which can be felt on both sides of the head or neck (sometimes a sudden pain in the head)
  • Some constant, tight, heavy or pressing sensation on or around the head
  • Tautness and tenderness of scalp, neck and shoulder muscles
  • Mild sensitivity to light and noise (may occur in severe attacks)

WHICH TREATMENTS ARE RECOMMENDED TO REDUCE TENSION HEADACHE?

  • Reduce stresses
  • Achieve a work-life balance, having enough rest, sleep and regular exercises
  • Seek psychological treatments
  • Seek physiological treatments such as relaxation techniques such as deep breathing exercises, stretching, heat pack
  • Remedial Massage. Book an appointment now

WHAT SHOULD BE AVOIDED IF I HAVE TENSION HEADACHE?

  • Stress
  • Inactivity
  • Physical or emotional stress
  • Alcohol/caffeine
  • Excessive smoking

REFERENCES

Tension Headaches n.d., Physiopedia, viewed 23 Oct 2019, https://physio-pedia.com/Tension_Headaches>

Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER) 2019, Tension Headache, Mayo Clinic 2019, viewed 23 Oct 2019, <https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tension-headache/symptoms-causes/syc-20353977?p=1>

Alexander, L n.d., Tension-type Headache, Headache Australia, viewed 23 Oct 2019, <https://headacheaustralia.org.au/headachetypes/tension-type-headache/>

Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER) 2019, Tension Headache, Mayo Clinic 2019, viewed 23 Oct 2019, <https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tension-headache/symptoms-causes/syc-20353977?p=1>
Alexander, L n.d., Tension-type Headache, Headache Australia, viewed 23 Oct 2019, <https://headacheaustralia.org.au/headachetypes/tension-type-headache/>

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