Sciatica Pain

WHAT IS SCIATICA PAIN?

Sciatica is associated with the pain felt along the sciatic nerve which is the longest and largest nerve in our body. Sciatic nerve arises in the lower spine and goes to the lower back through the hip, buttock, and leg where it divides into two branches at the knee. Sciatica can lead to pain in the legs, the back and deep in the buttock which can be accompanied by tingling/numbness and even muscular weakness in the leg.

WHAT ARE THE COMMON SCIATICA SYMPTOMS?

Sciatica happens as a result of an entrapped nerve in the pelvis or buttock, or neurological problems in the back. The pain can be intense in the buttock down the back of the leg that occurs during sitting, sneezing, coughing or in the toilet. This can come with lower back pain, tingling, pins and needles, numbness/weakness in the legs.

WHAT CAUSES SCIATICA?

There are different factors causing Sciatica, including:

  • Injury or trauma
  • Bone spurs
  • Narrow spinal canal
  • Age-related
  • Occupations (those that requires heavy lifting or twisting the spine)
  • Prolonged sitting

WHICH TREATMENTS ARE RECOMMENDED TO REDUCE SCIATICA?

The choice of sciatica therapy depends on the length and severity of the conditions. Some recommended treatments are:

WHAT SHOULD BE AVOIDED IF I HAVE SCIATICA?

  • Heavy lifting
  • Prolonged sitting
  • Awkward postures

REFERENCES

Sciatica n.d., Physiopedia, viewed 23 Oct 2019, <https://physio-pedia.com/Sciatica>

Tonic Health Media Pty Ltd 2018, Sciatica: symptoms, causes and diagnosis, viewed 23 Oct 2019, <https://www.mydr.com.au/sports-fitness/sciatica-symptoms-causes-and-diagnosis>

Health Direct 2018, Sciatica, Australian Government Department of Health, viewed 23 Oct 2019, <https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/sciatica>

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